Medical terms

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In this glossary, we are going to explain medical terms that are often used in our medical field.

Abort (Abortus)
Miscarriage (lat. abortus)

Abortion
colloquial for the termination of pregnancy. In Austria abortion is legal until the end of the 3rd month of pregnancy.

Androgen
Collective name for male sexual hormones

Anorgasmia
Trouble with orgasms, organism inhibition

Aphrodisiac
Aid to increase the sexual stimulation, sexual desire and the virility.

Chlamydia
Chlamydia are bacteria-like germs that cause sickness of the mucus membranes in eyes, airways and genitalia. Common ailments include burning and pain while urinating, in extreme cases even severe inflammation and infertility. Often only a few or no symptoms are experienced. The medical treatment requires antibiotics. The risk of infection is greatly reduced by using condoms during sexual encounters.

Coitus interruptus
Coitus interruptus (lat., roughly “interrupted sexual intercourse”) Extremely unsafe method of contraception, where the penis is pulled out of the vagina just before ejaculation.

Condom
Barrier method of contraception. Thin cover of latex that is placed over the penis during intercourse and catches the semen.
(= sheath, rubber or johnny).

Contraception
Medical term for something to prevent pregnancy.

Diaphragm
The diaphragm belongs to the barrier-method contraceptives. It is made out of a thin rubber and is placed in front of the cervix before intercourse to prevent sperm from entering.

Ejakulatio präcox
Premature ejaculation

Erectile dysfunction (Impotence)
Inability to have and maintain an erection required for intercourse.

HPV – Human Papilloma Virus
Several HP-Virus-types are primarily transmitted during intercourse and can cause cervical cancer.

Implanon
Hormone implant as a contraceptive that is placed under the skin of the upper arm.

Impotence
The inability to have an erection that persists over time.

Intra-Uterine-Pessary
Alternative term for an IUD (intrauterine device).

Mifegyne
Medically induced abortion by causing a miscarriage. Can be used up to the 7th week of pregnancy.

Not to be mixed up with the “morning-after pill“!

Pelvic floor

The pelvic floor consists or three overlapping layers of muscles that keep the pelvic organs (bladder, uterus, rectum) in place in the pelvis. While giving birth the pelvic floor is heavily stretched. If a full regression does not take place the pelvic organs could sink down. Incontinence or in extreme cases a protrusion of the uterus or the rectum could be the result. Targeted pelvic floor exercises strengthen the pelvic floor muscles and increase an intensified sexual experience.

Pill
The pill is a hormone supplement that is regularly taken orally as a contraceptive. The hormones cause a phantom pregnancy and thus prevent ovulation.

“Morning-after pill”
The “morning-after pill” is a hormone supplement for contraception of unwanted pregnancy after unprotected sex. It impedes or delays ovulation but has no bearing on the nidation of the egg if fertilization already took place. The “morning-after pill” has to be taken no more than 72 hours after intercourse. The earlier, the better!

Pregnancy test
A pregnancy can be verified with a urine test 8-12 days after a missed period.

Sex hormones
Collective name for gonadal hormones, so the ovaries and testicles. The sexual hormones are necessary for growth and development as well as the reproduction of humans. In men the androgen (testosterone and dihydrotestosterone)  predominate, in women the estrogen (estrogen, estradiol, estriol) and the for pregnancy important progesterone (progesterone, placenta hormone HCG).

Sexually transmitted diseases
Infectious diseases that are transmitted during sexual intercourse.
Syphilis (Lues), Gonorrhea (Tripper)
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), that are not solely sexually transmitted diseases are:
– Chlamydia infections
– Trichomoniasis
– Genital warts
– Aids
– Hepatitis

Three-months-shot
Hormone shot as a contraceptive

Vaginismus
is a (painful) muscle cramp around the vagina.

Vasectomy
small surgery to sterilize men. One of the most reliable methods to prevent unwanted pregnancies.

Viagra
Medicine to treat erectile dysfunction. Can only be prescribed by a physician.

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