Intrauterine devices (Latin intra: inside; uterus: uterus), colloquially known as IUDs are medical devices for contraception, that are inserted in the uterus. Today there are two different types that differ in the way they function: The here pictured copper or rather copper-gold-loop and the hormone loop, which is also called intrauterine device (IUD).
How does the IUD work?
Hormone IUD: Small amouts of hormones are released that cause the cervical mucus to thicken and sperm can not or rather only hindered enter into the uterus. Additionally, the mobility of the sperm is inhibited. The uterine mucus is less build-up. Hormone-free loop: Copper ions are constantly released in small amounts. Those intervene in the ovulation process in the uterus and fallopian tubes. Additionally, the mobility of the sperm is inhibited.
Questions and answers
Question: Does the insertion/ removal of the IUD hurt? Answer: The best time to insert an IUD are the last days of a period, since the cervix is opened. That is done with the help of an applicator tube. Depending on the pain tolerance it can be described as “uncomfortable” to “painful”. VenusMed offers to insert the IUD under a short anesthesia for sensitive people. The removal is very quick and is not painful.
Question: Do you feel the IUD during intercourse? Answer: You do not feel the IUD itself. Potentially bothersome removal-strings can simply be shorted by the doctor.
Question: How safe is the IUD? Answer: For the hormone IUD the contraceptive safety is, depending on the type, between 99,6 – 99,8 %. For the hormone-free loops the contraceptive safety is 99%.
Question: I have not given birth, can I still use an IUD as a contraceptive? Answer: Generally yes, but there could be individual reasons that suggest otherwise.
Question: From when on does the IUD work and for how long? Answer: The IUD works as soon as it is inserted and depending on the type up to 5 years.
Question: What are the side-affects? Answer: With the hormone IUD there can be slight pains and spotting right after the insertion. Headache, pain in the breasts, nausea and mood swings can occur to varying degrees. With the hormone-free IUD there might be some pain right after the insertion. Periods can be heavier, longer and/or more painful than before. Spotting is possible.
Question: What are the advantages compared to the “pill”, “contraceptive patch”, “3-months shot”? Answer: You don’t have to “think about” the IUD which also means you cannot “forget” it, as it happens sometimes with the “pill”. The contraceptive safety is either as high or even higher than with the other products. Vomiting or diarrhea don’t effect the safety, as is the case with the “pill”. The hormone dosage of the hormone IUD is slightly less than with the “contraceptive patch” or the “3-months shot”.
Cost of an IUD
The following list will let you know what cost to expect. Mistakes and changes may occur so please always check the prices before any treatment.
Cash, ATM (Maestro) or credit card payment are of course all accepted.
Copper loop, chain-shaped
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